- Illustrate something already described in detail. Story about a huge oak tree. Picture of a huge oak tree.
- Give a more specific image. Story about a bird. Picture of a sparrow on a mailbox.
- Be a metaphor. Story about a library. Picture of a shelf of cereal boxes.
- Be a contrast or abstraction that changes how you see something. Story about a boat. Picture of a floating leaf or floating trash.
Scott McLeod has a more complete description in his books Making Comics: Storytelling Secrets of Comics, Manga and Graphic Novels (p. 130), and Understanding Comics: The Invisible Art (pp. 153-155). The books are quite valuable to those who make and teach book art as well as those who create comics or graphic novels. A summary of his thoughts:
- Word-Specific: pictures show a detail, but words could stand alone
- Picture-Specific: words add clarity
- Duo-Specific: they do and say the same thing
- Intersecting: they work together, but each contributes new info
- Interdependent: new idea formed by the combination
- Parallel: two different thoughts
- Montage: words and images combined in one picture
I welcome your comments about the stories here at this post as Tumblr does not support comments unless you have an account with them. Sidewalk Story is open, however, so that anyone can read.